Predicting metal–metal interactions. II. Accelerating generalized schemes through physical insights

Tej S. Choksi, Verena Streibel, Frank Abild-Pedersen
Year of publication: 
The Journal of Chemical Physics

Operando-computational frameworks that integrate descriptors for catalyst stability within catalyst screening paradigms enable predictions of rates and selectivity on chemically faithful representations of nanoparticles under reaction conditions. These catalyst stability descriptors can be efficiently predicted by density functional theory (DFT)-based models. The alloy stability model, for example, predicts the stability of metal atoms in nanoparticles with site-by-site resolution. Herein, we use physical insights to present accelerated approaches of parameterizing this recently introduced alloy-stability model. These accelerated approaches meld quadratic functions for the energy of metal atoms in terms of the coordination number with linear correlations between model parameters and the cohesive energies of bulk metals. By interpolating across both the coordination number and chemical space, these accelerated approaches shrink the training set size for 12 fcc p- and d-block metals from 204 to as few as 24 DFT calculated total energies without sacrificing the accuracy of our model. We validate the accelerated approaches by predicting adsorption energies of metal atoms on extended surfaces and 147 atom cuboctahedral nanoparticles with mean absolute errors of 0.10 eV and 0.24 eV, respectively. This efficiency boost will enable a rapid and exhaustive exploration of the vast material space of transition metal alloys for catalytic applications.

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