Bimetallic nanoparticles present a vastly tunable structural and compositional design space rendering them promising materials for catalytic and energy applications. Yet it remains an enduring challenge to efficiently screen candidate alloys with atomic level specificity while explicitly accounting for their inherent stabilities under reaction conditions. Herein, by leveraging correlations between binding energies of metal adsorption sites and metal–adsorbate complexes, we predict adsorption energies of typical catalytic descriptors (OH*, CH3*, CH*, and CO*) on bimetallic alloys with site-specific resolution. We demonstrate that our approach predicts adsorption energies on top and bridge sites of bimetallic nanoparticles having generic morphologies and chemical environments with errors between 0.09 and 0.18 eV. By forging a link between the inherent stability of an alloy and the adsorption properties of catalytic descriptors, we can now identify active site motifs in nanoalloys that possess targeted catalytic descriptor values while being thermodynamically stable under working conditions.