Classification of Adsorbed Hydrocarbons Based on Bonding Configurations of the Adsorbates and Surface Site Stabilities

Shyama Charan Mandal, Frank Abild-Pedersen
Year of publication: 
ACS Catalysis

The design of heterogeneous catalysts can be accelerated by identifying relevant descriptors that accurately and effectively link the binding and activation energies to reactivity. Herein, we investigated scaling relations between binding energies of various hydrocarbon-based adsorbates on three different Pt surfaces and metal binding energies estimated via the recently developed α-scheme model. We find that the scaling slopes are similar for certain groups of adsorbates, which then can be classified based on their spatial and electronic structure enabling fast description of binding strengths for each member of the class. Hence, our findings show that the binding energies of simple hydrocarbons CHxx = {0,1,2,3,4}, and CHCH2 can be used to identify the binding energies of more complex hydrocarbon-based adsorbates. We introduce this classification to establish a generalizable scheme in which complex hydrogenation/dehydrogenation processes of higher hydrocarbons can be predicted via the binding energies of simpler hydrocarbon-based species and ultimately through surface site stabilities.

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